An end to Nagorno-Karabakh fighting.
Image Credit: Defense Ministry/TASS
Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to end weeks of fighting for Nagorno-Karabakh region. The peace deal brokered by Russia, and a full ceasefire came into place on Tuesday at 1am local time. The months of fighting for the region resulted in more than 1,400 dead, but experts believe that the death toll is much higher.
Russia and Turkey will see that the peace process goes through. The agreement stipulates that Russia will send a peacekeeping force to Nagorno-Karabakh frontline and the corridor between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Turkey’s troops will not be present, but they will monitor the ceasefire from a peacekeeping centre designated by Azerbaijan.
Russian Defense Ministry reported that 12 planes left Russia carrying peacekeepers and military equipment. It is expected that around 1,960 Russian soldiers will be on the ground in Nagorno-Karabakh for a 5 year mandate. Around 90 armoured personal carriers will be deployed to the region.
President of Russia, Vladimir Putin said,
I hope these last steps we have taken will ensure long-term peace for the peoples of Azerbaijan and Armenia.Vladimir Putin.
Azerbaijan considered the ceasefire as a military victory, unlike back in Armenia, where protestors expressed their anger over the ceasefire due to a loss of 9 villages, and most importantly the village of Shusha or Shushi in Armenian. Shusha is the second largest town in the region, and its capture last Sunday by Azerbaijani forces marked a victory for Azerbaijan.
Al Jazeera Osama Bin Javaid who went to Azerbaijan said,
People have been coming out on the streets celebrating with their flags and there has been jubilation all around. They see this as a major victory. They think that it is going to be while before they are able to go back, but they are happy that the day has finally come that their country can take back the territory that they saw was occupied.Al Jazeera correspondent Osama Bin Javaid.
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced the ceasefire on Tuesday, and he said that the agreement was ‘unspeakably painful for me and for our people’. The deal that was agreed involves a lot of gains for Azerbaijan. Armenian protestors took hold of a parliament building over Mr. Pashinyan signing of the deal. Police managed to retake the building soon after. The Armenian Prime Minister accepted responsibility for the ‘catastrophe’ in Nagorno-Karabakh region, but said that he had no other choice, and the situtation would have gotten worse.
On Wednesday, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan tweeted that they will take back Shushi.
On Monday, 17 Armenian opposition parties demanded the Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan and the rest of the government to resign.